BACKGROUND:Worldwide, low back pain (LBP) is the leading cause of disability and affects 16% of the Australian population. Pain that lasts more than 12 weeks and is presumed lumbar musculoskeletal in origin is deemed non-specific chronic LBP. Managing LBP requires a multidisciplinary approach.
OBJECTIVE:The aim of this article is to provide evidence for incorporating exercise training into the multidisciplinary treatment plans of patients with non‑specific chronic LBP.
DISCUSSION:There is mounting evidence in support of the integration of exercise training for the multidisciplinary treatment of non specific chronic LBP. Clinically meaningful reductions in pain intensity may be achieved with Pilates, aerobic, stabilization/motor control and resistance exercise training. Clinically meaningful reductions in disability may be attained with resistance, stabilization/motor control, water-based, Pilates and yoga exercise. Resistance and aerobic exercise can also improve mental health in this susceptible population group. The evidence suggests it is reasonable to consider including exercise-based services in the care team to enable patients with non-specific chronic LBP to transition to self-management.